Clidemia hirta is a densely-branching shrub that usually grows from 50 – cm tall, often forming impenetrable stands, especially if growing in good soils[. Leaf and flower, Clidemia hirta (Kostner’s curse); opposite leaves (up to 15 cm long x 8 cm wide) have prominent veins and are dark green. Plant Morphology: Growth Form: Perennial shrub. Foliage: Glossy, deeply veined leaves are ovate to oblong with crenate leaf margin (leaf edge lined with.
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Waihee Ridge Trail, Maui.
Observation specific search options Observed during. Department of Primary Industries. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 20 6: Koster’s curse Clidemia hirta has only recently become naturalised in Australia and is only known from a small area in northern Queensland, near the town of Julatten.
In Hawaii it is replacing the endemic species that formerly dominated the forests and threatens their extinction. The calyx has five hairy linear lobes atop a long urceolate hypanthium.
Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet
Environmental Impact Top of page Under heavy infestations of C. Ckidemia Botanical Garden, ; Graveson, It is also subject to strong competition from other Melastomataceae.
A survey on the status of invasive woody plant species in the western Indian Ocean found that the major environmental impact of invasive species in the region is the reduction of the native regeneration through competition by exotic species Mauremootoo Vegetation dynamics of a permanent pasture plot in Puerto Rico.
In Madagascar, it was a non-intentional introduction in as a seed contaminant Binggeli, A guide to the identification of the most invasive plants of Sri LankaColombop. This species is native to much of tropical America, but is an invasive species in Southern Asia, East Africa, and some oceanic islands like Hawaii and Australia with warmer climates .
The fruits are edible but insipid Anon. It is currently being eradicated.
For example, in both Hawaii and Fiji, ca 30 years elapsed between the first sighting of the species and the time that it was recognised as a conservation problem Wester and Woodin Peters Don’t need the entire report? In Hawai’i spread of clidemia is thought to be due to people who work in or use forests from Smith Undated. Toward a woody plant list for Antigua and Barbuda: Invasive Birta Specialist Group.
Global Invasive Species Database Species profile: This species prefers humid tropical climates and may invade both disturbed and undisturbed habitats. Weed very common in the humid part of the island, in the sugar cane fields, uncultivated land and pastures nirta deer. Hand pulling of seedlings and digging up mature plants, inclusive of roots, is possible. Environ 30 paires de nervures secondaires perpendiculaires aux nervures principales sont bien visibles. University of the West Indies Anon, Please click here to read it.
A study conducted in north of Manaus, Brazil, found C. Clidemia elegans Aublet D. Document specific search options Title.
Clidemia hirta (Koster’s curse)
Forest Ecology and Management, Some variation in shade tolerance, however, cannot be excluded Binggeli,though this was not confirmed in studies by DeWalt et al. Community-based efforts to control Koster’s curse in Julatten are coordinated by the.
Biological control Biological control using the thrip Liothrips urichi yirta initiated in Fiji in the early s and two decades later in Hawaii Mune and Parham, ; Wester and Wood, United States Department of Agriculture. The venation is characteristic to species of the family Melastomataceae. Although the plant can grow in relatively shaded conditions, sexual reproduction only occurs in more favourable light regimes such as tree fall gaps.
Don Melastomataceae – a new record of a naturalized taxon for Tamil Nadu. Viola helenae no common name. Binggeli, P, Hall, J. In the lowlands of Central and South America and Caribbean Islands where it is native it colonises naturally and anthropogenically disturbed open areas such as pastures, riversides, roadsides, and tree plantations DeWalt Denslow and Ickes In the s and s it was accidentally introduced to five other Hawaiian islands Smith, Wee YC, Corlett R, Myster reported that in Puerto Rico on an abandoned pasture it was still increasing in cover and dominating after 5 years after abandonment.
Seedling densities can be clide,ia high, Ashton et al.
Clidemia hirta – Useful Tropical Plants
Animals, particularly frugivorous birds, are considered an important means of seed dispersal, also as birds will remove the fleshy parts of the fruit and increase seed germination Mandon-Dalger et al.
Development of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. In many parts of the invaded lcidemia the species regenerates readily in treefall gaps Ashton et al.