Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.

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View at Google Scholar J. Reduction in ALB and increase in TG are indications of diminished synthetic function of the liver or might be due to impaired hepatocellular function. Extraction solvent effect on the antioxidant capacity of different parts of Costus afer. However, ethyl acetate and methanol leaf zfer, with mixed inhibitory activities on these enzymes, may be more suitable for the management of costks. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

A violet brownish ring below the interface followed by the formation of a greenish ring in the acetic acid layer indicated the presence of glycosides. Ghana Universities Press, Accra, Sfer. The last compound showed an ability to potentiate in vitro cisplatin cytotoxicity in a human colon cancer cell line. Costus afer – Ker Gawl. In the present study, the doses of aqueous extract of C.

Costus afer 1, flowering shoot; 2, base of leaf with ligule; 3, bract with 2 flowers. A new phylogeny-based generic classification of Costaceae Zingiberales. It is hardy to zone UK Views Read Edit View history. In Nigeria, the debarked stem is chewed to treat nausea and to quench thirst.


Table 3 Effect of different doses of Costus afer Ker Gawl leaves renal function tests. Reactions were terminated and absorbance was read as previously mentioned. Acute toxicity The acute ccostus study of aqueous leaf extract C. Clinical Chemistry and Afdr Medicine; p.

Costus afer Costus afer is one of species of A stem decoction is widely taken to treat rheumatoid arthritis. As demand for medicinal plants rises, harvest rates also increase. Spectrum Books Ltd; Topical anti-inflammatory activity of Costus afer.

Costus afer

The debarked stem is chewed to alleviate nausea and quench thirst[ 46]. Poulsen – Uganda Costus fortalezae K. Xfer the present study, serum creatinine, urea and electrolytes such as sodium, potassium and bicarbonates were not affected by the extract treatment.

Tropical Science 42 3: Costus afer can be propagated by seed, and also by stem cuttings or rhizome cuttings. Liver function tests conducted through blood assays give information about the state of the liver, describing its functionality albumin [ALB]cellular integrity transaminases and its link with the biliary tract ALP. Durand – Costuus Africa Costus dinklagei K.

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

They were housed in standard cages at room temperature and average humidity. The functional studies in toxicology should be coupled with the appropriate histological studies, because appropriate morphological studies are useful for the anatomical localization of action of toxin. Group 1 received standard feed and water ad libitium and served as the control. The chloroform extract ameliorated all signs associated with adjuvant-induced polyarthritis in rats.


The central vein, hepatic sinusoids and hepatocytes were clearly seen. Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine in Africa; p. It also exhibits uterine relaxant activity. Seeds black, with aril. The same infusion or a rhizome infusion is taken to treat stomach complaints[ ]. The male albino Wistar rats were left to acclimatize for 14 days. A cold water extract of the stem is taken to treat small epileptic attacks.

The animals were weighed every week and the feed and fluid consumption was measured daily. View at Google Scholar M.

Costus afer – Useful Tropical Plants

Flora of West Tropical Africa. Handbook of African medicinal plants. Frothing which persisted on warming was taken as preliminary evidence wfer the presence of saponins.

Effect of repeated administration of sildenafil citrate on selected enzyme activities of liver and kidney of male albino rat. Cuttings of stem sections[ ].

The kidney of the control group was normal showing numerous renal tubules and interstitial tissues. Organ weights are widely accepted for the evaluation of test article-associated toxicities.

This taxon has not yet been assessed.