Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Erving Goffman is credited as being one of the chief proponents. Erving Goffman (–) developed a dramaturgical theory of the self and society inspired by Mead’s basic conception of social interaction. In the selection . For Erving Goffman (–), arguably the most original For Goffman, the subject matter of dramaturgical sociology is the creation, main-.

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Dramaturgy analyses social interactions as a series of theatrical performances. Goffman’s definition of backstage from his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life states that the back stage is where “the performer can relax; he can drop his front, forgo speaking in his lines, and step out of character” Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory: Normal life is compared to a play on stage and humans are the actors in the play of life.

Vramaturgy management refers to work on maintaining the desired impression. Dramaturgical perspective is one of several sociological paradigms separated from other sociological theories because it does not examine the cause of human behavior but it analyzes the context. It is likely that he or she does things in the kitchen that might seem unseemly in front of customers. A dramaturgical action is a social action that is designed to be seen by others and to improve one’s public self-image.

The actor’s manner tells the audience what to expect from his performance. Even human beings can be used as props to put on a performance. Hunt argued that ” social movements can goftman described as dramas in which protagonists and antagonists compete to affect audiences’ interpretations of power relations in a variety of domains”.

The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Interpersonal relationships Symbolic interactionism. Therefore, the compliment is accepted to be genuine as opposed to being distracted and looking elsewhere while complimenting.

Dramaturgy (sociology) – Wikipedia

Outside, or off-stage, is the place where individuals are not involved in the performance although they may not be aware of it. The goal of the performance is to make an audience, who are the observers of the performance, to believe in what is being enacted. This concept can be seen in the film Waiting.


These decisions range from how we dress each day, like, for example, casual or formal clothing, how we style our hair to even decisions like the kind of body language that we display. Views Read Edit View history. Taste and Audience in Fashion Blogging. Goffman felt that life is not based off a script and is highly performative in nature. Before an interaction with another, an individual prepares a role, or impression, that he or she wants to make on the other.

These two concepts are necessary for the actor to have a successful performance. Each actor therefore makes a series of decisions or choices which helps in establishing and portraying who deamaturgy is and his character to the general audience. Dramaturgical theory suggests that a person’s identity is not a stable and independent psychological entity, but rather, it is constantly remade as the person interacts with others. There are those sociologists who consider Dramaturgy a theory or theoretical framework, while others consider it a sociological paradigm.

If we imagine ourselves as directors observing what goes on in the theatre of everyday life, we are doing what Goffman called dramaturgical analysis, the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance.

Performers need to be able to maneuver boundaries to manage who has the access to the performance, when and how. Performers are most knowledgeable. Therefore, we are expected to put on a costume and act different when in front of the audience. Performers may communicate vramaturgy of character on dramaturrgy, to signal to others on their team, or by accident. Feedback helps validate the various claims. It helps establish a scene. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Personal front consists of items or equipment needed in order to perform. The goal of this presentation of self is acceptance from the audience through carefully conducted performance.

Thus the study of liminality in sociology, ritual and theatre reveals the fictional elements underpinning society. Front, then, is the expressive equipment sramaturgy a standard kind intentionally or unwittingly employed by the individual during his performance” In addition to this, it also has been said gofdman dramaturgy does not contribute to sociology’s goal of understanding the legitimacy of society.


In a dramaturgical model, social interaction is analyzed in terms of how people live their lives like actors performing on a stage. Specific performances may be given when the audience is segmented as such.

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Every stage has two sides, one is the actual stage where the real performance takes place before an audience and the backstage, where rehearsals and preparations take place. Research on this is best done through fieldwork such as participant observation. In other words, to Goffman, the self is a sense of who one is, a dramatic effect emerging from the immediate scene being presented. A professor in a university might have a number of books on the subject he teaches, arranged in his office to create an impression that he is an authority on the subject.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dramaturgy tries to understand how order and ordering is established by a performance. In dramaturgical sociology it is argued that the elements of human interactions are dependent upon time, place, and audience. Goffman makes an important distinction between “front stage” and “back stage” behavior. A company may put out an ad that shows people from different countries in order to create an impression that they have a global customer base.

Manner refers to the way an actor conducts themselves. Rites of passage seem to reflect this as the enactments of exclusion, and dissociation seem to be an essential feature of such. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The roles that they play are the images individuals want to project and the script is the content being communicated.