Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m (39ft) by m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable . PDF | Gnetum africanum is a forest liana that grows abundantly in Central Africa, South America, and tropical and subtropical Asia. Its leaves. J Med Food. Nov;14(11) doi: /jmf Epub Aug Gnetum africanum: a wild food plant from the African forest with many.

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Extant gymnosperms are monophyletic and Gnetales’ closest relatives are conifers. The shade tolerant vine does not grow well in direct sunlight and can be found climbing africanu, middle and under-story trees.

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Occasionally, trees have to be cut to reach leafy stems in the canopy.

Gnetum africanum has numerous common names and is grown in various countries across Africa, including: Shredded leaves can be dried and preserved for later use. Gnetum africanum has leaves which are relatively thin and pale green. In Cameroon avricanum leaves are chewed to mitigate the effects of drunkenness and they are taken as an enema against constipation and to ease childbirth.

The male catkins have thick internodes widening towards the terminal part. Methods of vegetative propagation using leafy stem cuttings have recently been developed.

Female plants often show more vigorous growth with stronger stems than male plants. Sustainable cultivation practices, such as harvesting the leaves regularly rather than uprooting the whole vine, allows for a more viable supplementary income throughout the year.


It can also be found in riverine forest in areas that are otherwise too dry for the species.


We are currently updating this section. Experimental plantings for domestication are being made with both species. Mealy bugs are the main pest in the nursery. Stems collected from the forest are brought to collecting points from where they are either sold in the local market or exported.

Current methods of harvest from wild stands are very destructive[ ]. The content of amino acids found in Gnetum africanum is similar to recommended levels by the FAO. From Wikipedia, the africaum encyclopedia. Gnetum africanum is traditionally a wild gneum and is considered to be a wild vegetable.

Leaves are shredded into thin strips and are often eaten as part of a mixture in, for example, a groundnut-based stew.

Selection takes place for size and texture of the leaves, and is mainly determined by species. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked.

Gnetum africanum – Useful Tropical Plants

The tubers are sometimes eaten – especially at times of scarcity[ ]. The leaves may further be used as a remedy for nauseasore throats, or as a dressing for warts. The dry matter content of the fresh leaves is much higher than for other dark or medium green leaf vegetables. QR Code What’s this?

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Female plants are often have stronger stems, and are more vigorous and productive than male plants[]. Webarchive template archiveis links Articles with ‘species’ microformats. This may double in subsequent years[ ]. Nutrition can be improved by using the plant for medicinal purposes as well as through edible consumption.


Economically, Gnetum africanum can be used as a means to maintain a supplemental income as it is available throughout the year, [13] and may be used as a form of supplementary income for rural farmers in Cameroon. Higher up, side shoots are formed with fully-developed leaves[ ].

Vincent, and Jeffrey D. Fruit pulp, mature seeds, and tubers are edible as well. Gnetum africanum occurs naturally in the humid forest zones from Nigeria to the Central African Republic and to Angola.

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The vine grows in two ways: Seed is normally found only in the tree canopy. To soften this rather tough vegetable, people often mix it with waterleaf Talinum triangulare [ ]. Most gentum is consumed locally, but intensive trade has developed from Cameroon and more recently also from Gabon and the Central African Republic to meet the large demand in Nigeria.

This species should also be looked at in this respect[ ].

New shoots are also formed from rhizomes that spread along the forest floor[ ]. Nursery beds under shade and made of well-decomposed sawdust or fine river sand can be used for propagation. Traders will pay more for the thick dark green leaves of the latter, but much variation is also caused by growing conditions. Man and the biosphere. Afrucanum leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.