Definition – a theory which countered Mackinder’s Heartland theory. Spyman stated that Eurasia’s rimland, the coastal areas, is the key to. Maikinder was quick to revise his Heartland theory. He suggested that there are two Rimland theory is an antithesis to the heartland theory. American geopolitician Admirai Mahan, was a theory of positional su, premacy. the other hand, “heartland” and “rimland” are exceedingly handy and attractive.

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According to Spykman, “Who controls the Rimland rules Eurasia, who rules Eurasia controls the destinies of the world. The offshore islands, such as the British Isles and the Japanese islands.

It symbolise coastal countries as the sea aand. But if you are unable to handle your inner crescent then hesrtland will be ruled by others. Log In Sign Up. The Heartland, or the Pivot Area, is the area of central Eurasia roughly analogous to the Russian Empire and Soviet Union except for its far eastern section. Skip to main content.

Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July And strategically the coastal location, indentation, ports are natural advantage to a country.

The whole world geopolitics is centered in world island. Anyhow, sea power is more effective than heartland as it is more effective in case to rule over the world and to make an impact on far away regions like Africa, Asia and America. We have witnessed that Mahan’s theory was adopted by the different giants and it expanded their territory.

The first one is pretty much cleared in his sayings that, if we control well our inner crescent i.

Geostrategy: The Heartland and Rimland Theories

InMaikinder published a book called “Geographical Pivot of History” which has the proposition of Heartland Theory. Mackinder referred to the rest of the World-Island and the offshore islands as the Inner Crescent see mapand all remaining land in the world as the Outer Crescent see map. But as the states within the Rimland had varying degree of independence, and a variety of castes, races, and culture, it did not come under the control of any single power.


Thus, Rimland is far superior spatial unit heatland the heartland. However, Maikinder was opposed to the view of Mahan that sea power is more coercive than land power because Maikender based his theory on the medivial history where Mongol’s horse power ruled the world.

But unfortunately, Germany failed to do so and restricted in its boundaries. As it has a strong naval power and has a strong hold over many countries. Newer Post Older Post Home. He criticized Mackinder for overrating the Heartland as being of immense strategic importance due to its vast size, central geographical location and supremacy of land power rather than sea power. It also accepts the 3-tier division of Maikinder, but rejects the idea that land power is superior to sea power.

Documents Flashcards Grammar checker. The military power on lands and maritime power plays an important role in the heartlanr of a military power as whole and one state can perform well on international level if it adopts both theories. The outer crescent had no role in the world geopolitics. Criticism of Heartland Theory. The Heartland Theory and the Present. Spykman sees this importance as the reason that the Rimland will be crucial to containing the Heartland whereas Mackinder had believed that the Outer or Theoeies Crescent would be the most important factor in the Heartland’s containment.

With the defeat of Germany and the emergence of the USSR, Spykman’s views were embraced during the formulation of the Cold War American policy of containing communist influence. The heartland theory or Rimland determines the military rimlabd in inner crescent as well as on outer crescent capability of a military working on lands.

Mahan is clearer than Mackinder and Spykman as his theory has been practically implement by those countries who have ruled over the world in different time and centuries. The elements of sea power demand a nation in formation of its naval power.


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Geostrategy: The Heartland and Rimland Theories

Criticism of Rimland Theory. Unit political organization of space notes chapter 8. Spykman published America’s Strategy in World Politics, in which he set forth a theory that combined those of Mackinder and snd naval theorist Alfred Thayer Mahan. Moreover, the region has enormous natural resources, which is essential for the growth of the a politico-economic power. Remember me on this computer. Views Read Edit View history. We have experienced it in the pre-colonialism and post- colonialism era, that how the Britain established its naval power and made themselves enable to rule over the world.

The Rimland is a concept championed by Nicholas John Spykmanprofessor of international relations at Yale University. Both of scholars, mentioned above, agree that not only heartland plays and important role in ruling over the specified territory but they can contribute in ruling theoroes the whole world. In an arid region with sparsely settled Rkmland region, which has limited agricultural and mineral base a railway project would be uneconomical. The Cuban missile crisis and the stalemate thsories between the 2 superpower.

The Rimland has great importance coming from its demographic weight, natural resources, and industrial development. Posted by Nitin Vijay at 2: Click here heatrland sign up. The Rimland’s defining characteristic is that it is an intermediate region, lying between the heartland and the marginal sea powers.

Railway development uneconomical He took a rather simplified view of this subject.

The Heartland theory is thus useful for understanding why Germany stood a real chance to achieve world domination if it could defeat the Soviet Union.