TO N, P AND K FERTILIZATION IN THE NORTH OF OAXACA, MEXICO – A CASE STUDY. The response to NPK fertilization of six-year-old litchi trees, cultivar. Index terms Air layering; Litchi chinensis Sonn; propagation. Resumo Agriculture Tecnica in Mexico, México, v n, p. , TO N, P AND K FERTILIZATION IN THE NORTH OF OAXACA, MEXICO – A CASE _5 AN OVERVIEW OF LITCHI (LITCHI CHINENSIS) PRODUCTION BY.

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There are many stories of the fruit’s use as a delicacy in the Chinese Imperial Court. It is convenient that both, pots and plastic bags, be preferably open at the bottom and placed on an structure which avoids direct contact with the soil to permit air pruning and avoid root deformation.

Retrieved from ” https: The small litchi flowers are grouped in panicles, usually terminal panicles produced on current season wood.

In order to ensure optimal shading and create an atmosphere that will favor the development of the young plants, the following criteria will be respected: The investigation linked the illness to hypoglycin A and MCPG toxicity, and to malnourished children eating lychees particularly unripe ones on an empty stomach. Lychee young roots in the air layer are very sensitive to chemical fertilizers and raw manure or compost; so, add if necessary with caution to avoid root burning.

The presence or incorporation of organic matter to the substrata and the use of mycorrhiza is litcho for litchi propagation favouring root development as well as growth of the aerial part of the plant, but if mycorrhiza is used phosphoric fertilizers should not be applied to the propagation media.

Make sure that water draining is done properly.

Lychee – Wikipedia

Third, through grafting, rootstocks may affect many traits of the scion cultivars, such as hardiness, tree vigor and flowering time. Morphological characteristics and plant development The litchi is a subtropical tree rarely exceeding m height with a variable habit of growth from an erect to a weeping-willow appearance depending of the cultivars, propagation methods and pruning.


However, liychi grafting is useful when the stem diameters of the budwood and rootstock are similar so that perfect contact of their chindnsis tissue will be ensured.

Third, the young plants should be healthy with no diseases or pests.

The type of nursery bag that is recommended nowadays provided that the trees do not stay chiinensis the nursery longer than a year is as mezico It involves a vertical cut made on both the scion and rootstock, removing a strip of bark from the two parts at similar width and exposing the cambium tissue. This explain, as will be seen late on this paper, the importance of providing an environment after grafting that keeps the scion alive for a time-period long enough until resumption of cambial activity happen again in the area of contact between stock and scion and may explain the beneficial effect of a wrap of plastic film covering the grafting Nelson, Special attention will be given to the nursery organization in terms of plants classification according to their age, variety and development weak or distorted plants must be eliminated.

The raw sphagnum moss should be washed with tap lihchi to remove excess of salts and kept in basket filled with mexcio for hydration before use and the excess of water removed just by hand compression.

Retrieved 30 June Those grown from seeds either for direct planting or as rootstocks for further grafting possess a strong tap-root with a well-distributed secondary and tertiary root system. Based on our field observation, flowering time of scion cultivars can be advanced by grafting onto an early cultivar, which has less chilling requirement for flowering induction mxeico thus earlier production of florigen that triggers flower differentiation.

The red rind turns dark brown when the fruit is refrigerated, but the taste is not affected. Smaller bags must not be used in that case as the roots will not have enough room for developing and may go out of the bag through the draining holes.

Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn) propagation. New Technologies and innovations

As a result, the scion cultivar is multiplied. Chemical fertilization can be applied straight to the pot but chemical fertilizers should be placed at an appropriate separation from the plant stems. The incorporation of soil from old plantations has been recommended because of the potential benefit of soil mycorrhizae present Higgins, ; Kadman and Slor, but soil must be free from pests and diseases and xhinensis required disinfection will kill the arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi.


When the centre opening of trees is carried out as part of training and pruning, stereo fruiting can be achieved for higher orchard productivity.

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Views Read Edit View history. Abstract The different propagation systems for litchis are reviewed.

Therefore, after taken from the mdxico, they should be placed in wetted sand as soon as possible to force germination. Flowers grow on a terminal inflorescence with many panicles on the current season’s growth. Domestic and wild animals must be prevented from walking on the site in order to eliminate any risk of plant deterioration by trampling, leaves consumption or animal dejections, etc. If budbreak on the scion does not occur 30 days after grafting operation, the chance of success is slime and grafting needs to be redone.

In Queensland Australia, semi-hardwood and hardwood cuttings, collected from cv.

It may be ideal to have direct localized irrigation at each pot with microtubes, simple or multidrip diffusors as well as sprinkling or mini sprinkling irrigation systems. If budwoods have to be collected earlier, they should be well protected from desiccation. To reduce desiccation due to transpiration, the seedlings should be pruned to a height around 50cm removing most of the leaves leaving 3 to 4 compound leaves each with 2 small leaves. A wide range of cultivars are available, lithi early and late maturing forms suited to warmer and cooler climates respectively.

Indian Journal of HorticultureNew York, v.